Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) may be caused by any sort of blow or severe shaking of the head, such as occurs in motor vehicle accidents, sports injuries, and assaults. Loss of consciousness is often a sign that TBI has occurred, but TBI can easily occur without it. Symptoms include headaches, dizziness, fatigue, concentration, memory problems, depression, cognitive impairment and personality change. Even in minor cases, problems can last for months or years, and may be severe enough to make it impossible to carry on with school or work.
For injuries to the brain, neuropsychological assessment is the best method for evaluating the extent of the injury, or to track recovery. By testing memory, concentration, ‘executive functions’, language, spatial abilities, and emotional/personality changes following an injury to the brain, the assessment aims to help diagnose, identify solutions and educate anyone who has had a brain injury how to cope with the disability.